Traditional Agricultural Housing
The traditional agricultural houses -dated mostly between XVIII-XIX centuries- are scattered throughout the town (although with a greater presence in the eastern periphery), giving it a marked rural character. These are popular houses built in stone, a plant and, often, with a attached barn. Those of two floors are already from the beginning of the twentieth. The facades of the houses, usually revoked, lack ornamentation, with the solid over the hole predominating. The windows, reduced in number, were small to conserve heat in the winter and to protect from the heat in the summer. The master beams were made of poplar wood and the partitions were made of adobe, which is a mixture of mud and straw.
These houses used to have a central room, rather elongated, surrounded by small rooms, in addition to the kitchen with its traditional field fireplace and a wood-burning oven to make bread. They were dwellings in which the auxiliary spaces such as the hayloft, the stable and the woodshed, occupied more surface even than that intended for housing itself. The upper floor or "chamber" accessed by stairs, commonly made of pine, served as a barn.
The estrada to the agricultural dependencies was carried out by the typical gate of two leaves, whose size had to allow the entrance of a loaded car, although they had a small door to allow the entrance of people, without needing abrir all the vestibule. As for its construction, tend to simplicity and are usually built in stone joined with mortar. Its interiors are diaphanous and highlight the wooden pillars that support the roof. The traditional hayloft, as a loft, was above the cribs.
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